Saint Days: Athanasius of Alexandria, Bishop and Teacher of the Faith
Athanasius of Alexandria (298-373) was influential in defending orthodox, Trinitarian theology against the heretic Arius who taught that Jesus was created by the Father at a point in time, making him subordinate to the Father. Athanasius, on the other hand, believed that Christ was pre-existent, of one substance with the Father. He became the Archbishop of Alexandria after his major role at the First Council of Nicaea (325). This is the council which formulated what is now called The Nicene Creed, which we say in our liturgy every Sunday:
We believe in one God,
the Father, the Almighty,
maker of heaven and earth,
of all that is, seen and unseen.
We believe in one Lord, Jesus Christ,
the only Son of God,
eternally begotten of the Father,
God from God, Light from Light,
true God from true God,
begotten, not made,
of one Being with the Father.
Through him all things were made.
For us and for our salvation
he came down from heaven:
by the power of the Holy Spirit
he became incarnate from the Virgin Mary,
and was made man.
For our sake he was crucified under Pontius Pilate;
he suffered death and was buried.
On the third day he rose again
in accordance with the Scriptures;
he ascended into heaven
and is seated at the right hand of the Father.
He will come again in glory to judge the living and the dead,
and his kingdom will have no end.
We believe in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, the giver of life,
who proceeds from the Father and the Son.
With the Father and the Son he is worshiped and glorified.
He has spoken through the Prophets.
We believe in one holy catholic and apostolic Church.
We acknowledge one baptism for the forgiveness of sins.
We look for the resurrection of the dead,
and the life of the world to come. Amen.
Athanasius was a beautiful writer, responsible for a number of works integral to defining the orthodox Christian faith:
"Taking a body like our own, because all our bodies were liable to the corruption of death, He surrendered His body to death in place of all, and offered it to the Father. This He did out of sheer love for us, so that in His death all might die, and the law of death thereby be abolished because, when He had fulfilled in His body that for which it was appointed, it was thereafter voided of its power for humanity."
Let us remember Athanasius today as we pray:
Almighty God, you gave to your servant St. Athanasius special gifts of grace to understand and teach the truth as it is in Christ Jesus: Grant that by this teaching we may know you, the one true God, and Jesus Christ whom you have sent; who lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit, one God, for ever and ever. Amen.